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PILETA CAVE, THE RUPESTRAIN ART THREATED

The archaeological enclave called La Pileta located in the Serranía de Ronda, Malaga, is one of the most complete and best conserved whole of parietal paintings found until today.

The family living next to it is the owner of the place.At this moment ,the fourth generation of descendants from José Bullon Lobato ( who discovered the perietal paintings in 1905 ) continues to guide and being custodians of this National Monument (declared so in 1924).

Since the cave was discoverd,the Bullon family has protected and preserved this enclave from any modification that could spoil it, (electricity,cement,marketing etc...) showing the exceptional state of the Rupestrian art in the interior as well as its environment.

This ethical attitude, maintained by the Bullon family, in beneficial to a partimonio that belongs to all the persons on the earth and to the future generations, seems to obstract the economical plans of development that the Andalusien government has for this place.

In 1985 the competence of Spanish Historical Patrimony was transfered to the Autonomous Communities. The actions undertaken by the Culture Adviser of Andalucia, has been towards the expropriation of the place (:>-<, justifying the decision in the public use of this archaeological enclave.

The expropriation file was initiated in 1993 and ended in May 2000, being rejected this pretension :.). Immediately after, the Culture Adviser proposes plans for starting archaeological studies and to   preserve La Pileta, giving the order to close the cave  for two years ?=). The consent of the archaeologist collective is uncertain and its participation is limited by colleagues depending professionally on the Culture Advise of Andalusia. :/)

This measure is s severe blow for the Bullon family. As guides  of the cave, ( profession inherited from father to son) they depend economically on their work and might have to change their profession to be able to subsist or they will have to sell the cave to the Junta de Andalusia., who wants to convert  La Pileta in to a tourist center. :-$.

The autonomous Community were obliged by law (1985) to protect and preserve all locations with rupestrian art in their territories, being those important or not. This law understands these paintings as an culture interest, wanting a preferential treatment for it, regarding the precarious state of the rest that are still left.

La Pileta is, with out doubt, a source of discovery, but it has also got a lot of bibliograpy and its conservation is appreciated by the international specialised collective, seeing  it as a model to be followed  in preservation, regarding the difficult equilibrium between using and preserving these enclaves because of its tangible microclima. :-)

The investment needed for this two years long project, would represent the salvation of many locations with rupestrian art in Andalucia, forgotten and in danger to be despoiled.To earmark public funds for this study in the Pilelta cave, contradicts the essence of the Historic Patrimony Law, while there are still places in danger of disapperance with parietal paintings in Andalusia. :-(

The moral dept that the Society has with this family, does not correspond with the Culture Adviser from the Andalusian Communities will, and the ¿temporary closure? of La Pileta constitutes an unfair and perverse treatment that Cueva de la Pileta org. complaint in this web. :-)

The Platform (30-06-00)
English version by Micaela Quitzke
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